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高中英语常考四字词语翻译汇总,阅读、写作都能用到!
发布时间:2019-08-27
 


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汉语博大精深,往往几个字、一个词就能表达无穷的意境,但如果在题目中遇到了这些词汇,我们该如何理解呢?今天颜老师就为大家总结了高中英语各类题型中经常出现的四字格汉语词汇的汉语解释,这些词如果用在作文中也会让阅卷老师眼前一亮,大家一定要好好学习,假期逆袭必备!

1.挨家挨户

from door to door

Doctors’ door-to-door visits save many old people’s trouble of going to hospital.

医生挨家挨户上门巡访,省去了许多老年人去医院的麻烦.

2.爱不释手

can’t bear standing parting with/putting it down /leaving it aside

The historical novel about/describing World War I / the First World War is so attractive that I can’t bear (to do …)/stand parting with it / putting it down (back ,aside )/ leaving it aside .

这部有关第一次世界大战的历史小说引人入胜,我简直爱不释手。

3.安于现状

be satisfied with reality/ present situation

We senior high students should have great ambition and (should) not be satisfied with reality/present situation.

我们高中生应该有远大的志向,不应该只满足于现状。

4.摆脱烦恼

get rid of/ to be free from worries

Knowing (that) he is in a bad mood, I suggest him chatting with friends to get rid of /to be free from worries.

得知他心情不好,我建议他与朋友聊聊天,以去除烦恼。

5.彼此埋怨

be to blame each other

When (we are) in difficulty / When we meet with difficulties, what we need is not to blame each other but to help each other.

遇到困难的时候,我们需要的不是彼此埋怨,而是相互帮助。

6.别无选择

have no choice but to do

At that time the taxi driver had no choice but to turn to the tourist/traveler (for help).

当时,那位出租车司机别无选择,只能求助于游客。

7.不得而知

remain unknown

It remains unknown whether Mary will attend the English Evening.

玛丽是否参加这次英语晚会尚不得而知。

8.不辞而别

leave without saying good-bye

We were greatly surprised that he has left without saying goodbye.

我们对他的不辞而别感到很惊讶。

9.不可估量

beyond measure

Although the efforts made are beyond measure, those remote mountainous cities have been accessible to cars, which makes all the Chinese people / the whole nation feel very proud/full of pride.

尽管付出的努力不可估量,但那些偏远山城都已通车,这让全国人民感到无比自豪。

10.不甚感激

appreciate it very much

I would appreciate it very much if you could reply to me/give me a reply the moment you receive the message.

如果你一收到消息就能给我答复的话,我将不胜感激。

11.不懈努力

great effort

Despite the great effort made by governments, more effective measures should be made to deal with the ever worsening problem of global warming.

尽管各国政府已做出了不懈的努力,但要应对日益严重的全球性气候变暖问题还需制定更有效的措施。

12.不假思索

without hesitation

Jim answered his teacher’s question(s) without (any) hesitation. Jim answered the question(s) asked by his teacher with no hesitation.

吉姆不假思索地回答了老师的问题。

13.不尽如人意

be far from satisfactory

The economy of this area develops very fast but some citizens’ qualities are far from satisfactory.

这个地区的经济发展得很快,可使某些市民的素质还不尽如人意。

14.不容忽视

should not be ignored/ neglected

(The sense of) Fire protection should not be neglected (We should not neglect fire protection), or great damage might be caused to the lives and property.

防火意识不容忽视,不然的话会对生命和财产造成不可估量的损失。

15.不知所措

be/ feel at a loss

The fact that consumers have lost confidence in frozen food makes the manufacturers at a loss.

消费者对冷冻食品失去信心的事实令生产厂家一筹莫展。

16.彻夜未眠

didn’t fall asleep last night/ be awake all night

Drinking only a cup of coffee will keep me awake all night.

只喝一杯咖啡就会使我整晚睡不着。

Hearing the news that his favorite team won the match, he was too excited tofall asleep last night.

昨晚听到他喜欢的足球获胜的消息,他兴奋得彻夜未眠。

17.催人泪下

be moved to tears

The performance put up by the disabled/ The disabled people’s performance last night was so successful that many people were moved to tears.

昨晚残疾人的演出非常成功,让观众们感动得流下了眼泪。

18.寸步难行

can do nothing without

The computer has touched on everyone’s daily life. No wonder someone says that you can do nothing without the knowledge of computer / its knowledge.

电脑已触及到每个人的日常生活,难怪有人说当今世界不懂电脑,就寸步难行。

19.大为惊叹

be greatly amazed/ impressed

These eighteenth-century oil paintings have been/are preserved so well that the visitors are greatly amazed/ impressed.

这些十八世纪的油画保存得这样好, 使参观者大为惊叹。

20.放任自流

let him be

Parents often faced the choice that either they did what they felt was good for the development of the child or they just let him be.

父母经常面对这样的选择:要么做他们认为有利于孩子发展的事情,要么对其放任自流。

21.孤身一人,无亲无故

be single and has no friends or relatives

Though she is single and has no friends or relatives, all the neighbors offer her help/a helping hand /to help her.

虽然她孤身一人,无亲无故,但邻居们都向她伸出了援助之手。

22.固执己见

always stick to one’s own opinion

I find it (is) hard to cooperate with those who always stick to their own opinions.

我发现很难与那些一贯固执已知的人合作。

23.刮目相看

look at sb. differently/ with new eyes/ regard sb. in a totally different light

He finished a difficult task on his own/independently soon/ shortly after he entered the company, so his colleagues looked at him differently/ with new eyes/regarded him in a totally different light.

他进公司后不久就独立完成了一项艰巨的任务,同事们对他刮目相看。

24.毫不费力

have no difficulty/ trouble (in) doing sth.

They had no difficulty finding the warm-hearted man/person.

他们毫不费力第就找到了那位好心人。

25.毫无疑问,不容置疑

There is no doubt that.../ It cannot be doubted that

There is no doubt/ It can’t be doubted that travelling broadens one’s mind and enlarge/ improve/ increase one’s knowledge.

毫无疑问,旅行使人开阔眼界,增长知识。

26.后悔莫及

regret doing

He regretted losing the chance to win a scholarship.

他很后悔失去了获得奖学金的机会。

27.后来居上

catch up with sb.

Because of illness/Being ill last week, I missed some lessons, but I will try to catch up with others.

上周因为生病我缺了一些课,但是我会努力赶上大家的。

27.加强合作

strengthen/ enhance one’s cooperation

Our school basketball team will not beat the opponents in the final match/final(s) unless the team members strengthen their cooperation / cooperate well with each other.

如果队员之间不加强配合,我校篮球队就不可能在决赛中战胜对手。

28.家喻户晓/众所周知

As is known to all, …/ It is known to all that

As is known to all, success comes from hard work/diligence, and nothing can be achieved without efforts/hard work.

众所周知,成功来自于勤奋,不努力则一事无成。

It is known to all that his success is entirely/totally/completely due to his hard work.

众所周知,他的成功完全是努力的结果。

29.坚守岗位

keep to one’s post

No matter how hard the rain falls and the wind blows, the police keep to their posts.

无论风多大、雨多急,警察一直坚守在岗位上。

30.竭尽所能

do/ try ones best to do

We should try our best to make the city more beautiful.

我们应该竭尽所能是城市变得更美丽。

31.截然不同观点

have totally different opinion with us

When communicating, we are likely to meet people who have totally different opinions with us.

交流时,我们可能会遇到与自己观点截然不同的人。

32.惊人速度

incredible rate/ speed

High-rise apartment buildings have sprung up everywhere in China at anincredible rate / speed.

我国到处都是高楼大厦,其发展速度真是惊人。

33.聚精会神

be absorbed in

I was so absorbed in reading that I didn’t hear my cell phone ringing.

我在全神贯注地看书,没有听到手机在响。

34.困难重重

has great difficulty/ be very difficult

Despite / In spite of the great difficulty, his parents managed to get to/ arrive in/ reach Shanghai in time.

虽然困难重重,但他父母还是设法及时赶到了上海。

35.屡见不鲜

appear so frequently

This kind of accident appears on media so frequently that effective measures are being made to prevent it (from ) happening again.

这类事故在媒体上屡见不鲜,应该制定有效措施防止这类事故再次发生。

36.抵制诱惑

resist the temptation of

He failed to resist the temptation of the delicious food in the reception and ate a lot.

在招待会上,他没能抵抗住那些美食的诱惑,吃了很多。

37.旗鼓相当

be equal to sb. in sth.

Though he is equal to me in skill and experience, either of us is likely to win the Championship.

虽然他在技巧和经验上都与我旗鼓相当,但是谁都有可能夺冠。

38.齐心协力

work cooperatively/ with combined efforts

So long as / If we work cooperatively / with combined efforts, we will be able to solve/ work out the technical problems.

只要我们齐心协力,就能很快解决这个技术难题.

39.千载难逢

a rare/ golden chance

Now that the tickets for economy class are popular, we should call the booking/ticket office to inquires soon as possible,making sure that we won't miss/lose the golden Chance.

既然经济舱位的票很畅销,我们应尽快打电话到售票处询问一下,以免坐失良机。

40.日益增长

ever increasingly

Children had to compete with each other since they were very young, which brought them ever increasingly psychological pressure.

孩子们从小就不得不在学业上竞争,这就给他们带来了日益增加的精神压力。

41.日益恶化

be getting worse/ become worse and worse

Unusual weather indicates that our living environment is getting worse, which is the warning to us from nature.

异常的天气表明我们的生存环境正日益恶化,而这正是大自然给予我们的警告。

41.日益紧张

increasingly intense

The increasingly tense doctor-patient relationship remains to be solved.

日益紧张的医患关系有待解决。

42.三言两语

in a few words

The rules of the game are too complicated to explain/be explained in a few words.

这个游戏的规则太复杂,三言两语解释不清。

43.司空见惯

be so used to

People are so used to such electronic products as mobile phones and computers that it is hard to imagine what life would be like without them.

例题:人们对像手机和电脑这样的电子产品早已司空见惯,以致于很难想象没有它们生活会变成什么样。

44.受到认可

be recognized/ received by

In terms of practical effect, the new regulation greatly improved the traffic condition and was recognized by the public.

就实际效果来看,新的规则极大地改善了交通状况,受到了广大群众的认可。

45.受用一生

sb. benefit from sth. / sth. benefits sb. all your life

A good education benefits you/ is what you can benefit from all your life in your whole life.

例题:良好的教育史你今后可以受用终身的。

46.特长、强项/弱点

strong point/ weak point

Young people should be encouraged to choose their careers according to their own strong points.

应该鼓励年轻人按照自己的特长选择职业。

47.玩火自焚

those who play with fire will surely get burnt

They should learn a lesson from this accident that those who play with fire will surely get burnt.

他们应该从这件事中得出教训,玩火者必自焚。

48.无懈可击

perfect

The service there is perfect and umbrellas are borrowed free of charge.

那里的服务无懈可击,还免费出借雨伞。

49. 一步之遥

be just one step away from success

Many losers don’t realize that they are just one step away from success.

许多失败者往往没意识到,其实他们离成功只有一步之遥。

50.一无所知

be ignorant of sth.

Being ignorant of the electronic products the students are talking about, I find myself left behind.

我对学生所谈的电子产品一无所知, 我发现自己落伍了。

51.以备不时只需

in case of unexpected needs/ that they are needed some day

It is sensible/ wise to learn more skills when young in case of unexpected needs/ (that) they are needed in the future.

年轻时多学点技能是明智的,以备不时之需。

52.引人注意、吸引眼球

catch one’s attention/ eye

These colorful fruit bowls caught my eye at that time, reminding me of the happy childhood.

这些彩色果盆当时引起了我的注意,使我想起了快乐的童年。

53.有求必应

be always ready to help

Every time I ask her for advice, she is always ready to help, and explains to my full satisfaction.

我向她请教,她总是有求必应,而且解释得令我十分满意。

54.有所转变

have changed to some extent

Although people’s view on cosmetic surgery has changed to some extent, we must acknowledge that risk goes with it/ there is risk.

虽然大家对整容的看法在某种程度上已有所转变,但必须承认它带来的风险。

55.与时俱进

keep pace with the times/change with the times

The old find it harder and harder to keep up with the development of modern science.

老人们发现越来越难跟上现代科学的发展。

56.与世隔绝

be isolated from the outside world

The village is almost isolated from the outside world, thus lots of local customs are well preserved there.

这个村庄几乎与世隔绝,许多民间习俗得以很好地保留。

57.援助之手

reach out your hands in aid of sb./ give sb. a helping hand

Reach out your hands in aid of those(who are)in trouble and you’ll find your life more meaningful.

伸出援手去帮助那些身处困境的人们,你就会发现你的人生更有意义。

58.乍一看

at the first sight/ glance of sth.

At the first sight, there is nothing special about the watch, but in fact it is a mobile phone.

乍一看,这块手表没有什么特别之处,但实际上它是一部手机。

59.志同道合

have a common goal/ similar ideals and beliefs

He and I have a common goal/ have similar ideals and beliefs/ share the same views and are similar in age and family background, which I think is the reason why we have become good friends.

我和他志同道合,而且年龄和家庭背景相似,我想这就是为什么我们成为好朋友的原因。

60.山高林密

the high mountains and thick forests

Despite the high mountains and thick forests, the doctors and nurses rushed to the scene of the accident for the rescue/to carry out the rescue.

尽管山高林密,医护人员还是迅速地赶到出事地点,实施援救。


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